The greatest human rights challenge is poverty and needs to be eradicated
Brig. K.G. Behl (Retd.)
President, Sanyuta Nagrik Sangathan, Uttarakhand
The UN General Assembly adopted and proclaimed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights at the Palais de Chaillot in Paris, France, on the December 10, 1948. It was first observed on December 10, 1950 by the UN and has since been observed each year on the same date world over. Each year Human Rights Day has a theme. Some of these themes have focused on people knowing their human rights or the importance of human rights education and to make this celebration more effective and successful. Human poverty in any country is always a theme and still needs to be eradicated. The theme of this year is devoted to the launch of a year long campaign for the 50th Anniversary of the two International covenants on Human Rights, economic, social and cultural rights and civil and political rights started in 1966.
Human poverty in any country is the greatest human rights challenge. One of the major goals of celebrating the human rights day is to eradicate the poverty from the life of human being and help them in getting the well being life. Various other programs including music, drama, dance, fine art and etc are held focusing to help people to learn their rights.
Human rights day is celebrated by the people all across the world to get the real rights for the human beings. This day is celebrated to improve the physical, social, cultural and spiritual well being and welfare of the vulnerable group of people globally. Most of the events held at this day are aimed to instruct people, children as well as youths about their human right. Some of the protest activities are also held in order to make aware the people from different areas where the human rights are unrecognized or unknown.
To encourage the vulnerable group of people like women, minorities, youth, poor, disabled persons and others to take part in the celebrations. The main aim is to make them aware of their rights and responsibilities.
The day is celebrated by organizing conferences, meetings, exhibitions, cultural events, debates and many more programs to discuss all the issues of human rights. Several governmental, civil and nongovernmental associations actively take part in the human rights event celebrations.
On Human Rights Day tributes are paid to the people who sacrificed their valuable lives to safeguard human rights for everyone.
Human Rights in India is also observed enthusiastically by supporters and other human rights activists by carrying out peaceful protest movements across the country and also to share a day in common.
The main human right which is denied to the people in India is not providing the essential necessities of life namely providing pure drinking water, food, shelter and other civic amenities.
Providing education is one of the basic issues of human rights. Without education, we cannot see beyond ourselves and our narrow surroundings to the reality of global inter-dependence. Without education, we cannot realize how people of other races and religions share the same dreams and hopes.
Human rights also mobilizes support for the dignity, rights and well being of persons with disabilities. It also seeks to increase awareness of gains to be derived from the integration of persons with disabilities in every aspect of political, social, economic and cultural life.
Hundreds of people are dying daily in different parts of the world either due to floods, Tsunami, Earthquakes, landslides, excessive snow falls, a variety of road, rail and air accidents and wars waging in different parts of the world. In some cases even their bodies could not be traced or recovered, what to say of their proper cremation. On one side we talk of human rights but in the same vein forget that those who are being killed are human beings. It appears that people and the Govt. are day by day losing interest in the upkeep of human beings and are more worried about their self and personal prestige. The corruption is so rampant that some of the people don’t mind even killing their own kith and kin for the sake of money. The cases of kidnapping rape and murder are on the increase and people are being forced to commit suicide.
It has been noticed that huge funds are allotted for human welfare schemes but do not reach the persons for whom those are meant as the system is so corrupt that it does not allow help to reach the persons who need those. Strict actions needs to be taken against persons who indulge in such acts.
Rights enshrined in the Constitution of India are 1. Right to Equality 2. Right to Freedom 3. Right against Exploitation 4. Right to Freedom of Religion 5. Cultural and Educational Rights 6. Right to Constitutional Remedies. Right to freedom includes freedom of speech and expression, movement, thought, assembly & association. These are besides the laid down Directive Principles.
Article 37 of the Constitution of India, while stating that the Directive Principles are not enforceable in any court of law, declares them to be “fundamental to the governance of the country” and imposes an obligation on the State to apply them in matters of legislation. Thus, they serve to emphasize the welfare state model of the Constitution and emphasize the positive duty of the state to promote the welfare of the people by affirming social, economic and political justice, as well as to fight income inequality and ensure individual dignity.
Let’s hope people keep in mind the human element and provide real help to the affected people. They say service to humanity is the real service of God.
On the Human Rights Day, let us recommit to guaranteeing the fundamental freedoms and protecting the human rights of all.